Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
by Christine M. Mahoney
Explores the impact of the latest breakthroughs in cluster SIMS technology
Cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a high spatial resolution imaging mass spectrometry technique, which can be used to characterize the three-dimensional chemical structure in complex organic and molecular systems. It works by using a cluster ion source to sputter desorb material from a solid sample surface. Prior to the advent of the cluster source, SIMS was severely limited in its ability to characterize soft samples as a result of damage from the atomic source. Molecular samples were essentially destroyed during analysis, limiting the method’s sensitivity and precluding compositional depth profiling. The use of new and emerging cluster ion beam technologies has all but eliminated these limitations, enabling researchers to enter into new fields once considered unattainable by the SIMS method.
With contributions from leading mass spectrometry researchers around the world, Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: Principles and Applications describes the latest breakthroughs in instrumentation, and addresses best practices in cluster SIMS analysis. It serves as a compendium of knowledge on organic and polymeric surface and in-depth characterization using cluster ion beams. It covers topics ranging from the fundamentals and theory of cluster SIMS, to the important chemistries behind the success of the technique, as well as the wide-ranging applications of the technology. Examples of subjects covered include:
- Cluster SIMS theory and modeling
- Cluster ion source types and performance expectations
- Cluster ion beams for surface analysis experiments
- Molecular depth profiling and 3-D analysis with cluster ion beams
- Specialty applications ranging from biological samples analysis to semiconductors/metals analysis
- Future challenges and prospects for cluster SIMS
This book is intended to benefit any scientist, ranging from beginning to advanced in level, with plenty of figures to help better understand complex concepts and processes. In addition, each chapter ends with a detailed reference set to the primary literature, facilitating further research into individual topics where desired. Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry: Principles and Applications is a must-have read for any researcher in the surface analysis and/or imaging mass spectrometry fields.
The Sims 4
by Prima Games, Michaela Leigh
Control All New Sims- Learn how the new emotional states are influenced by other Sims, events, memories, and even the clothes and objects you choose. Emotions and improved intelligence empowers your Sims to experience richer stories and more possibilities.
Bring Your Creations To Life- The new Build Mode is incredibly fun, powerful, and intuitive. We’ll show you examples, tips, and tricks that will help you create the most amazing structures ever, from mansions and nightclubs to museums and parks.
Earn Amazing Rewards- Discover how to unlock new outfits, objects, and traits. With our in-depth guide, you’ll be able to uncover all the collectibles and learn how to unlock all the achievements.
Free Searchable & Sortable eGuide-Unlock the enhanced eguide for access to updated content, interactive object catalog, and bonus videos offering tutorials and expert tips, all optimized for a second-screen experience.
by John C. Vickerman, Ian S. Gilmore
Examples of analysis are provided to facilitate the understanding of this topic and to show readers how they can overcome problems within this area of study.
Research in Health Care
by Julius Sim, Chris Wright
Building Contract Claims
by David Chappell, Vincent Powell-Smith, John H. M. Sims
The new fourth edition has been substantially restructured and updated. Nearly 100 additional cases have been added as well as four new contracts: the JCT Construction Management and Major Project contracts, the JCT Standard Form of Domestic Subcontract, and the Engineering and Construction Contract (the NEC Form). The book continues to use the JCT Standard Form (JCT 98) as the basis of the text, with important differences highlighted in the other forms. Seventeen forms are dealt with and they have all been updated since the last edition of this book.
This new edition is essential reading for architects, contract administrators, project managers and quantity surveyors. It will also be invaluable to contractors, contracts consultants and construction lawyers.
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
by Paul van der Heide
• Introduces SIMS along with the highly diverse fields (Chemistry, Physics, Geology and Biology) to it is applied using up to date illustrations
• Introduces the accepted fundamentals and pertinent models associated with elemental and molecular sputtering and ion emission
• Covers the theory and modes of operation of the instrumentation used in the various forms of SIMS (Static vs Dynamic vs Cluster ion SIMS)
• Details how data collection/processing can be carried out, with an emphasis placed on how to recognize and avoid commonly occurring analysis induced distortions
• Presented as concisely as believed possible with All sections prepared such that they can be read independently of each other
by Sarah E. Edwards, Ines da Costa Rocha, Elizabeth M. Williamson, Michael Heinrich
Healthcare professionals, including doctors, pharmacists and nurses, are often confronted with patients who use over-the-counter (OTC) herbal medicinal products and food supplements. While taking responsibility for one’s own health and treatment options is encouraged, many patients use these products based on limited (and sometimes inaccurate) information from non-scientific sources, such as the popular press and internet. There is a clear need to offer balanced, well-informed advice to patients, yet a number of studies have shown that, generally, conventionally trained health practitioners consider their knowledge about herbal medicinal products and supplements to be weak.
Phytopharmacy fills this knowledge gap, and is intended for use by the busy pharmacist, nurse, or doctor, as well as the ‘expert patient’ and students of pharmacy and herbal medicine. It presents clear, practical and concise monographs on over a hundred popular herbal medicines and plant-based food supplements. Information provided in each monograph includes:
• Summary and appraisal of clinical and pre-clinical evidence
• Potential interactions
• Possible adverse effects
An overview of the current regulatory framework is also outlined, notably the EU Traditional Herbal Medicinal Products Directive. This stipulates that only licensed products or registered traditional herbal medicinal products (THRs), which have assured quality and safety, can now legally be sold OTC. Monographs are included of most of the major herbal ingredients found in THRs, and also some plant-based
food supplements, which while not strictly medicines, may also have the potential to exert a physiological effect.
by David E. Swayne
Avian Influenza provides the reader with a global perspective, bringing together chapters written by leading animal health researchers and veterinarians with significant experience working with this disease. Providing a summary and synthesis of important data and research on this virus, its impact on both wild and domesticated birds, and approaches to controlling the spread of the disease, Avian Influenza will be an invaluable resource for all veterinarians, scientists, animal health professionals, and public health officials dealing with this virus.
* Covers full range of topics within avian influenza in one comprehensive and authoritative text
* Provides a summarization of peer-reviewed and empirical data on avian influenza viruses, the infection and diseases they cause
* Discusses strategies used in control of the disease
* Leading experts are drawn together to provide an international and multi-disciplinary perspective
* Fuses latest developments in basic scientific research with practical guidance on management of the disease
The Transhumanist Reader
by Max More, Natasha Vita-More
The rapid pace of emerging technologies is playing an increasingly important role in overcoming fundamental human limitations. Featuring core writings by seminal thinkers in the speculative possibilities of the posthuman condition, essays address key philosophical arguments for and against human enhancement, explore the inevitability of life extension, and consider possible solutions to the growing issues of social and ethical implications and concerns. Edited by the internationally acclaimed founders of the philosophy and social movement of transhumanism, The Transhumanist Reader is an indispensable guide to our current state of knowledge of the quest to expand the frontiers of human nature.
by Christo Sims
In New York City in 2009, a new kind of public school opened its doors to its inaugural class of middle schoolers. Conceived by a team of game designers and progressive educational reformers and backed by prominent philanthropic foundations, it promised to reinvent the classroom for the digital age. Ethnographer Christo Sims documented the life of the school from its planning stages to the graduation of its first eighth-grade class. Disruptive Fixation is his account of how this “school for digital kids,” heralded as a model of tech-driven educational reform, reverted to a more conventional type of schooling with rote learning, an emphasis on discipline, and traditional hierarchies of authority. Troubling gender and racialized class divisions also emerged.
Sims shows how the philanthropic possibilities of new media technologies are repeatedly idealized even though actual interventions routinely fall short of the desired outcomes—often dramatically so. He traces the complex processes by which idealistic tech-reform perennially takes root, unsettles the worlds into which it intervenes, and eventually stabilizes in ways that remake and extend many of the social predicaments reformers hope to fix. Sims offers a nuanced look at the roles that powerful elites, experts, the media, and the intended beneficiaries of reform—in this case, the students and their parents—play in perpetuating the cycle.
Disruptive Fixation offers a timely examination of techno-philanthropism and the yearnings and dilemmas it seeks to address, revealing what failed interventions do manage to accomplish—and for whom.